Liability Immunity & Compensation Programmes During Public Health Emergencies

first_imgColumnsLiability Immunity & Compensation Programmes During Public Health Emergencies Ashwin Sathyanath6 July 2020 7:14 AMShare This – xIntroduction: Over the past few months, we saw this nation collectively coming forward with various gestures and events to appreciate the efforts of our health care workers amidst the Covid-19 outbreak. Simultaneously, we also witnessed an increasing violence against these frontline warriors which led to the promulgation of an ordinance[1] to curb the same. This puzzling…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginIntroduction: Over the past few months, we saw this nation collectively coming forward with various gestures and events to appreciate the efforts of our health care workers amidst the Covid-19 outbreak. Simultaneously, we also witnessed an increasing violence against these frontline warriors which led to the promulgation of an ordinance[1] to curb the same. This puzzling contrast itself is a definite indication for the state to ensure further policy safeguards to protect the interest of those who fight our battle against this omnipresent threat. This is a new fight for humanity and undoubtedly the world is treading an unlit walkway of life. However, when the rays of hope find us to make the future more visible, there will always be a tendency to point fingers against those errors or mistakes which arguably could have been avoided to save more lives and limit injuries. ‘Liability immunity’ from such possible future claims except in cases of willful misconduct is a minimum safeguard which the state should guarantee to those in the health sector in order to augment their relentless efforts in these testing times. Equally important is to redress the grievance of those who are aggrieved during this process by establishing pragmatic ‘compensation programmes’. The Bolam’s Test: In the case of ‘Bolam v. Friern Hospital Management Committee'[2], McNair. J, formulated a test to determine the standard of care expected out of a medical practitioner. According to him, the standard is that of an ordinary skilled man exercising and professing to have a special skill. Thus in the case of a medical man, negligence can only be attributed to him, if he fails to act in accordance with the standards of reasonably competent medical men at the time. Furthermore, a doctor will not be guilty of negligence, if he has acted in accordance with a practice accepted as proper by a responsible body of medical men skilled in that particular art, even if there are other body of opinions that take a contrary view.[3] In India, though the courts always reserved its right to be the final word in assessing negligence irrespective of professional opinions[4], the above test was widely accepted as decisive of the standard of care required both of professional men generally and medical practitioners in particular.[5] Thus, there has always been a certain standard based on which the courts evaluated an act to decipher the elements of negligence in the medical field. However, when we encounter novel threats like the corona virus against which there is neither a definitely accepted treatment protocol nor a body of medical men who can presently be considered as an authority, there exist a certain difficulty in defining the standard of care expected in these situations. Moreover, in a scenario where the private hospitals are gradually joining hands with the government towards their fight against this pandemic, there is an impending possibility of medical professionals and hospitals (both private[6] and government[7]) being dragged to departmental or court proceedings with varying claims of negligence under the Consumer Protection Act[8] in cases of charged services and under Tort and Criminal Law in general. Liability Immunity: ‘Liability’ is defined as an accountability and responsibility to another enforceable by legal actions and ‘Immunity’ is a personal favour granted by law contrary to the above general rule.[9] In the United States, ‘The Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act of 2005’ (PREP Act)[10] authorizes the Secretary of the ‘Health and Human Services’ in cases of public health emergencies to issue a ‘Declaration’ to provide liability immunity to ‘covered persons’ (health care professionals, drug manufacturers, distributors etc.) against any claims of loss caused by, arising out of, relating to, or resulting from the administration or use of a ‘covered countermeasure’ (drugs, vaccines, pandemic products etc.) except for claims involving ‘willful misconduct’.[11] Thus, prior to the declaration, the secretary determines as to whether there exists a public health emergency. If yes, he will further identify the countermeasures (covered countermeasures) which may include a drug, biologic, vaccine or other devices which are used to treat, prevent, or mitigate this emergency. The declaration then delineates a class of individuals and institutions (covered persons) who are given liability immunity from claims of loss arising out of the administration or use of the covered countermeasure. The underlying purpose of the declaration is threefold. Firstly, it ensures absolute contribution of those providing services during a public health emergency by eliminating the risk of liability claims against them. Secondly, it permits the special use of drugs and other medical products off-label and sans FDA review[12] during an emergency without any risk of liability. Finally, it acts as a catalyst for experiments and innovations in the medical field which would pave way for combating a health emergency at the earliest. Similar declarations served its purposes in the United States during prior threats like Zika, Ebola, Pandemic Influenza (2009 H1N1), Small pox etc. Now in the wake of the existing Covid-19 situation, voices are raised around the world by health care workers seeking immunity protections of similar nature in order to cope up with the tremendous pressure and challenging conditions faced by them.[13] In India, providing liability immunity to our health care workers will qualify as a measure that come within the purview of the Disaster Management Act,2005.[14]Under the same, the central[15] and state governments[16] are vested with extensive powers notwithstanding any law in force[17], to take all such measures that are necessary for the management of disasters including public health emergencies. Thus, the time is ideal for the nation to stand behind its health care workers by ensuring them a liability free environment with larger public interest in the foresight. Compensation Programmes: ‘Countermeasures Injury Compensation Programme’ (CCIP) formulated through the PREP Act provides benefits to eligible individuals who sustain a serious physical injury or die as a direct result of the administration or use of a ‘covered countermeasure’. Apart from the above general programme, there exist a more specific one that cater to the needs of those who suffer injuries or death due to vaccination. ‘Vaccine Injury Compensation Programme’ compensate individuals who are injured by covered vaccines. The United states, Germany, France, Japan, Taiwan etc., are few countries that already have a mechanism in place to provide compensation to those who suffer adverse effects through vaccination.[18] In India, reportedly over 4.9 lakh individuals developed paralysis solely from the ‘Oral Polio Vaccine’ between 2000 to 2017.[19] Thus, the absence of a vaccination injury compensation in the country demand a serious intervention especially in a situation when the Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) is touted as the sole panacea for Covid-19. For us, a permanent fund[20] is already available at the national, state and district levels which can be utilised for compensating the losses arising out of countermeasures and vaccinations. At present, though the central and state governments have handed over and declared compensations for those affected by the pandemic in some cases, it is imperative to have a uniform programme in place to deal with threats both present and future. Conclusion: While undoing the past is a mere hope, mastering the future is a definite possibility. The world is transitioning to a ‘new normal’ and our health care workers are risking their lives on a daily basis to make it a safe reality. At the same time, there are those who succumb midway despite the best efforts and suffer irreparable losses. It is high time for us to address needs of both by evaluating global policies like the above mentioned that can be tailored to the nations interest. The author is an advocate practising at the High Court of Kerala and may be reached at [email protected] Views are personal only.  [1] The Epidemic Diseases (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 was promulgated on April 22, 2020 amending The Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897. [2] (1957) 2 All ER 118. [3] Samira Kohli v. Dr. Prabha Manchanda and another, (2008) 2 SCC 1. [4] Vinitha Ashok v. Laxmi Hospital and others, (2001) 8 SCC 731, AIR 2001 SC 3914; Malay Kumar Ganguly & Dr. Kunal Saha v. Dr. Sukumar Mukherjee, (2009) 9 SCC 221. [5] V. Kishan Rao v. Nikhil Super Speciality Hospital, (2010) 5 SCC 513; Jacob Mathew v. State of Punjab and another, (2005) 6 SCC 1. [6] Spring Meadows Hospital (M/s.) and Anr. v. Harjol Ahulwalia, (1998) 4 SCC 39; Aparna Datta v. Apollo Hospitals Enterprises Ltd, AIR (2000) Mad 340. [7] Achutrao Haribhau Khodwa v. State of Maharashtra and Others, (1996) 2 SCC 634. [8] Indian Medical Association v. V.P. Shanta and another, (2005) 6 SCC 1. [9] P. Ramanatha Aiyar, Concise Law Dictionary, 3rd edition (reprint), 2010. [10] Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act of 2005. Pub. L. No. 109-148. Codified in the Public Health Service Act at 42 U.S.C. §§ 247d-6d, 247d-6e. [11] Declaration under the PREP Act for Medical Countermeasures Against Covid-19, Office of the Secretary, The United States Department of Health and Human Affairs, dated March 10,2020. [12] FDA Statement Coronavirus (Covid-19) Update: Serological Tests, Press Announcements dated April 07,2020, U.S. Food & Drug Administration. [13] Covid-19: ‘Grant doctors immunity from clin neg claims’, by John Hyde, News, The Law Society Gazette, 20 April 2020. [14] S.2 (e) of the Disaster Management Act, 2005. [15] S. 35 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005. [16] S. 38 of The Disaster Management Act, 2005 [17] S. 62 & 72 of The Disaster Management Act, 2005. [18] An idea whose time has come: Compensation for vaccine-related injuries and death in India, Sarojini Nadimpally, Deepa Banerjee, Deepa Venkatachalam, Divya Bhagianadh, Indian Journal of Medical Ethics. [19] Vaccine-induced paralysis calls for actions, says study, by Bindu Shajan Perappadan, The Hindu, 21 August 2018. [20] S. 46 & 48 of The Disaster Management Act, 2005. Next Storylast_img read more

BREAKING: University announces further information about this year’s exams

first_imgThe exams platform will be available for use from Trinity, while all exams scheduled to take place this term will happen in Weblearn. The new platform, which has been in use by the Medical Sciences Division since 2018, will feature 3 specific modes for typed, handwritten, and mixed exams. Students completing handwritten or mixed mode exams will be given 30 minutes of technical time to scan and upload their exam material.  The University has announced the launch of its new exams platform in collaboration with Inspera Assessment, a European e-assessment provider, which will be available to demo from late February. More detailed information about this term’s academic provision has also been released, including the announcement that those taking exams this term will be expected to take the same number of papers and assessments as usual, unless this was previously confirmed to change (as is the case with Classics Moderations). Dissertations and project work will be adapted for the context so that they maintain “the same intellectual rigour,” and the university has acknowledged that some projects may have to be designed, or redesigned, in order to account for the inaccessibility of some resources. Placements and year abroad projects will continue to go ahead with increased consideration of risk, although the university has noted that students “will not be required to take up a year abroad or other placement against their wishes.” The new academic provisions information summarises some of the details previously released by the university, including encouraging students to keep a record of disruption faced if they wish to apply for Mitigating Circumstances. The provisions also confirm that most students can expect entirely online teaching for the start of Hilary term, with the exception of some research students. All exams scheduled to take place in Hilary will be online, with the exception of one medical exam.  Students normally entitled to 25% extra time for exams will be given an additional hour to complete their exams in Inspera, and any students entitled to more than 25% extra time will by default be given an exam duration of 8 hours. Courses that already have longer online exams, such as some English exams, will not generally be giving additional time. Further details for international students will be released later in February, but the university has announced that students in different time zones should be able to complete their exams in daytime hours.last_img read more

El Gobernador Wolf revela su plan para la recuperación de Pennsylvania de la COVID-19

first_img SHARE Email Facebook Twitter April 17, 2020 Español,  Press Release,  Public Health El Gobernador Tom Wolf anunció un Plan para Pennsylvania que brindará alivio a los ciudadanos y a las empresas, permitirá la reapertura segura y conveniente, y abrirá el camino hacia la recuperación de los retos y las dificultades creadas por el nuevo coronavirus de 2019.“Les pedí que cierren escuelas y empresas, que cancelen grandes eventos, que se queden en casa. Todos estos esfuerzos son para mantener vivos a nuestros amigos, vecinos, familias y compañeros de trabajo”, dijo el Gobernador Wolf. “Estaré por siempre agradecido por su coraje, compasión y velocidad. A pesar de la incertidumbre, los residentes de Pennsylvania actuaron de manera colectiva, no por ninguna orden, sino porque nos preocupamos profundamente el uno por el otro. Ahora les pido nuevamente que crean en nuestro Estado”.Alivio para los residentes de PennsylvaniaLa Administración Wolf ha tomado medidas amplias y de largo alcance para ayudar a satisfacer las necesidades a corto y largo plazo de los residentes de Pennsylvania de cara a esta pandemia sin precedentes. Asegurar que los residentes de Pennsylvania de todos los ámbitos de la vida tengan acceso a los recursos que necesitan ha sido y continuará siendo una de las principales prioridades del Gobernador.Inseguridad alimentariaTrabajó con el Departamento de Agricultura de los EE. UU. con el fin de garantizar que las personas que necesitan alimentos ya no deban completar trámites tediosos y la verificación de ingresos para demostrar que reúnen los requisitos o que los necesitan.Extendió los períodos de certificación del Programa de Asistencia Nutricional Suplementaria (SNAP, por sus siglas en inglés) durante seis meses para evitar el cierre de la admisión al SNAP.Comenzó a emitir asignaciones de emergencia a todos los hogares que participan del SNAP para marzo y abril de 2020, aumentando la asignación mensual actual.Eliminó los requisitos rigurosos del Programa Estatal de Compra de Alimentos para brindar flexibilidad a la hora de determinar la elegibilidad.Se asoció con United Way PA 211 para ofrecer una lista completa de recursos alimentarios específicos de la COVID-19.Presentó una alianza con Operation BBQ Relief y el Salvation Army para entregar más de 700,000 comidas a todos los rincones del estado.Elevó los suministros del banco de alimentos destinando $2.6 millones a programas de alimentos caritativos mediante el Programa de Asistencia Vecinal.Adquirió 750,000 comidas que se conservan sin necesidad de refrigeración a través de la Agencia de Logística de Defensa para los bancos de alimentos y los programas que envían comidas a domicilio a los ancianos.Trabajó con el fin de garantizar que los programas de comidas escolares gratuitas se transfieran a programas de distribución para llevar al hogar o a la comunidad para satisfacer las necesidades alimentarias y nutricionales de los alumnos.El Departamento de Transporte de Pennsylvania (PennDOT) ha reubicado al personal para proporcionar fuerza laboral adicional a los bancos de alimentos en todo el estado que luchan por atraer voluntarios.Deuda de préstamos estudiantilesLos prestatarios federales de préstamos estudiantiles pasan automáticamente a una tolerancia administrativa, que suspende temporalmente los pagos mensuales hasta el 30 de septiembre de 2020. Sin embargo, los prestatarios que así lo deseen pueden efectuar pagos.La Agencia de Asistencia para la Educación Superior de Pennsylvania (PHEAA, por sus siglas en inglés) notifica a los prestatarios que la tolerancia para los Servicios de Educación Estadounidense (AES, por sus siglas en inglés) y la cartera de préstamos comerciales están disponibles a petición hasta el 30 de septiembre de 2020.Personas que han sido suspendidas, despedidas o han sufrido la reducción de su horario laboralAdemás de los beneficios estatales normales de Compensación por desempleo (UC, por sus siglas en inglés), que proporcionan aproximadamente la mitad del ingreso semanal a tiempo completo de una persona hasta $572 por semana, la Ley federal CARES amplió los beneficios de UC mediante varios programas nuevos:La Asistencia de Desempleo Pandémico (PUA, por sus siglas en inglés) amplía los beneficios a las personas con trabajos temporales y flexibles, los contratistas independientes y trabajadores independientes que de otro modo no serían elegibles para recibir la compensación por desempleo.La Compensación Federal por Desempleo Pandémico (FPUC, por sus siglas en inglés) proporciona $600 adicionales por semana, además de los beneficios habituales de la compensación por desempleo (UC), a todos los beneficiarios de UC.La Compensación por Desempleo de Emergencia por la Pandemia (PEUC, por sus siglas en inglés) brinda 13 semanas adicionales de beneficios de UC a las personas que agotan sus 26 semanas regulares de beneficios, para un total de 39 semanas de cobertura.Personas sin seguro o con seguro insuficienteAnunció que los principales seguros de salud que brindan cobertura médica integral en el estado cubrirán las pruebas de diagnóstico de la COVID-19 médicamente apropiadas y el tratamiento asociado para los consumidores. Asimismo, se han comprometido a renunciar a cualquier costo compartido por las pruebas.Por otra parte, muchas aseguradoras de automóviles y viviendas devuelven dinero a los conductores que pasan menos tiempo en las rutas y colocan moratorias en las políticas de cancelaciones en medio de las dificultades financieras.Hizo de la telesalud el método de prestación preferido para los servicios médicos médicamente necesarios de la salud física, la salud conductual y el trastorno por consumo de sustancias tóxicas y explicó que solo se pueden prestar servicios por teléfono cuando la tecnología de video no está disponible. Todos los servicios de Asistencia Médica prestados a través de la telesalud se reembolsan al mismo nivel que los servicios en persona.Estableció una línea de crisis de la salud mental disponible las 24 horas del día, los 7 días de la semana que recibió más de 1,300 llamadas en los primeros 10 días.Alumnos y familiasEn este momento sin precedentes de cierre de escuelas, el Departamento de Educación de Pennsylvania (PDE, por sus siglas en inglés) ha trabajado con Unidades intermedias (IU, por sus siglas en inglés) en todo el estado para desarrollar e implementar planes de continuidad de la educación para garantizar que los alumnos del último año se gradúen, los alumnos puedan ser promovidos al próximo grado, y todos los alumnos continúen teniendo acceso al aprendizaje remoto durante el resto del año académico. El Departamento de Educación de Pennsylvania (PDE) ha realizado lo siguiente:Coordinó con comunidades rurales el acceso a autobuses itinerantes con wifi para satisfacer las necesidades de Internet y de aprendizaje remoto por Internet de los alumnos sin acceso al servicio.Se asoció con los líderes estatales para que PBS ofrezca a las comunidades con acceso limitado a Internet el uso de la programación educativa gratuita que se está transmitiendo por todas las afiliadas de PBS de Pennsylvania.La Oficina de Desarrollo Infantil y Aprendizaje Temprano (OCDEL, por sus siglas en inglés) ha trabajado con las comunidades locales para identificar y poner en pie centros de cuidado infantil para los hijos de los trabajadores de la salud, socorristas de primera línea y otros empleados esenciales para garantizar que puedan continuar respondiendo a la situación de desastre por la COVID-19 sabiendo que sus hijos están siendo atendidos.Coordinó con comunidades rurales para brindar acceso a autobuses wifi-itinerantes para satisfacer las necesidades de Internet y de aprendizaje remoto por Internet de los alumnos sin acceso al servicio.Alivio para empresasLas empresas de Pennsylvania se encuentran en una posición sin precedente. Muchas de ellas han cerrado en todo el estado para protegerse contra la propagación del coronavirus mortal. Otras han cambiado sus planes comerciales por completo para ayudar a satisfacer las múltiples necesidades de las personas en todo el estado.Muchas empresas han tenido que suspender o despedir empleados, y otras que realizaban transacciones en persona han tenido que pasar a operar en plataformas remotas de la noche a la mañana. Si bien las necesidades varían entre la comunidad empresarial, la gravedad de las repercusiones del coronavirus en la economía general es, y continuará siendo, imprevista por algún tiempo.La Administración Wolf ha trabajado diligentemente con socios del gobierno federal, estatal y local, la comunidad empresarial y otros socios externos cruciales para garantizar que las empresas puedan recurrir a todas las herramientas disponibles para ofrecer un poco de alivio ante esta crisis.Departamento de IngresoEl Departamento de Ingresos (DOR, por sus siglas en inglés) ha extendido los plazos de presentación de impuestos para colaborar con liquidez a corto plazo para las empresas. El DOR también ha trabajado para reducir o suspender las medidas de ejecución, incluso se reducirán los gravámenes presentados; no se tomarán medidas de embargo bancario; se limitarán las inspecciones de licencias, las revocaciones y las citaciones; y los requisitos de liquidación de impuestos se realizarán según las normas más laxas para los cobradores de deudas. El DOR también ofrece términos flexibles para nuevos planes de pago que permiten hasta $12,000 por hasta un año.Departamento de Desarrollo Comunitario y EconómicoEl Departamento de Desarrollo Comunitario y Económico (DCED, por sus siglas en inglés) puso a disposición de las pequeñas empresas más de $60 millones a través del Programa COVID-19 de Acceso a Capital de Trabajo de la Autoridad de Desarrollo Industrial de Pennsylvania (PIDA, por sus siglas en inglés).Aunque los fondos se agotaron en cuatro días y el departamento recibió más de 900 solicitudes, estamos buscando maneras de recapitalizar el programa dado su necesidad como un puente hacia los fondos de estímulo federal.El DCED también ha permitido el aplazamiento de los pagos de préstamos durante tres meses para los préstamos administrados por el departamento.Bancos y prestadores hipotecariosEn línea con la Ley federal CARES, los bancos y prestadores hipotecarios de Pennsylvania están implementando moratorias para la ejecución hipotecaria de 60 días y tolerancias de 180 días en todos los préstamos respaldados por el gobierno federal. Además, ahora hay una moratoria de 120 días para los desalojos de propiedades con préstamos respaldados por el gobierno federal.El Tesoro del Estado de Pennsylvania, el Departamento de Banca y Valores de Pennsylvania y la Agencia de Vivienda y Finanzas de Pennsylvania se han unido para desarrollar una serie de recomendaciones de alivio y están trabajando en colaboración con bancos y otros acreedores para impulsar una amplia flexibilidad y medidas de alivio para asistir a empresas y consumidores en todo el estado.Ley federal CARESCon la aprobación de la Ley federal CARES, las empresas de todas las formas y tamaños podrán acceder a miles de millones de dólares en recursos federales para ayudar con todo lo que implica desde el apoyo en la nómina, términos más favorables para préstamos y créditos fiscales totalmente reembolsables para las empresas que están tratando de mantener a sus trabajadores empleados mientras que las puertas están cerradas al público.Alivio para los sistemas y proveedores de atención médicaLa Administración Wolf ha realizado todos los esfuerzos posibles para disminuir la propagación del nuevo coronavirus y garantizar que nuestro sistema de atención médica y los proveedores que forman su red puedan resistir el aumento, la aceleración y las secuelas de esta pandemia mortal.Si bien el gobierno federal ha prometido a los hospitales y sistemas de salud una importante ayuda financiera, muchos enfrentan dificultades financieras ahora y necesitan alivio antes de que esos dólares estén totalmente a disposición. La Administración Wolf ha tomado medidas para brindar ese alivio inmediato.Estableció el Programa de Préstamos de Emergencia a Hospitales de Pennsylvania (HELP, por sus siglas en inglés) para proporcionar hasta $450 millones de la Autoridad de Inversión en Infraestructura de Pennsylvania (PennVEST) en fondos cruciales de capital de trabajo a una tasa de interés muy baja a los hospitales de Pennsylvania.Comunicó la expansión del gobierno federal del Programa de Pago Acelerado y Anticipado para Proveedores y Suministradores, que proporciona los fondos necesarios cuando hay una interrupción en el envío o procesamiento de reclamos. La expansión de este programa se extiende a un grupo más amplio de proveedores de Medicare Parte A y suministradores de Medicare Parte B. El gobierno federal anunció que ha aprobado más de $51 mil millones para proveedores en todo el país en la primera semana del programa de expansión.Trabajó estrechamente con la Asamblea General para transferir $50 millones en fondos estatales para comprar equipos y suministros médicos para hospitales, hogares de ancianos y trabajadores de emergencia para ayudar a combatir la pandemia de COVID-19.Trabajó con los Centros de Servicios de Medicare y Medicaid para permitir los pagos a los proveedores de apoyo directo para ayudar a las personas con discapacidades en ámbitos hospitalarios donde puedan necesitar apoyo que supere lo proporcionado por el personal del hospital.Firmó una Orden Ejecutiva que permite que el estado transfiera equipos de protección personal (PPE) y suministros entre los centros médicos en caso de que sea necesario a medida que la pandemia de coronavirus se agrava para garantizar que todos los proveedores médicos tengan acceso a los PPE y suministros cruciales y que si es necesario redistribuir los suministros para satisfacer las necesidades de las comunidades más afectadas por el virus, pueda hacerse de manera eficaz y lo más rápido posible.Suministró más de 1.8 millones de máscaras N95, 136,000 batas, 912,000 máscaras de procedimiento, 730,000 guantes, 990 gafas y 147,000 protectores faciales para los trabajadores de la salud.Eximió los requisitos para permitir que los profesionales médicos retirados reactiven rápidamente sus licencias para reforzar la capacidad de la fuerza laboral de los trabajadores de la salud.Trabajó con facultades de medicina en todo el estado para permitir que los practicantes graduados en medicina (GMT, por sus siglas en inglés) obtengan sus licencias de GMT al graduarse.Extendió los plazos de renovación de licencias y eliminó los requisitos administrativos adicionales para los titulares de licencias médicas nuevas y temporales, de modo que los profesionales médicos no tengan que preocuparse por el estado de su licencia durante la emergencia.Está trabajando para limitar el alcance de la responsabilidad potencial de los proveedores médicos que resulte de la atención de pacientes durante la crisis de COVID-19.Contrató los servicios de ECRI, una organización de investigación de servicios médicos independiente y sin fines de lucro, para reclutar expertos en el área del control de infecciones para ayudar a proteger a los que se encuentran en los centros médicos de atención a largo plazo del estado.Está colaborando con la Jewish Healthcare Foundation para brindar apoyo a hogares de cuidado personal y centros de residencia asistida para proporcionar información sobre los protocolos de gestión de enfermedades infecciosas y los requisitos de atención para los residentes.Está colaborando con los sistemas de salud universitarios para proporcionar personal para una línea telefónica diseñada para responder preguntas específicas relacionadas con la COVID-19 para estos centros médicos y brindar apoyo en tiempo real.Las empresas de todo el estado han pasado de los modelos comerciales actuales a fabricar o producir equipos de protección personal (PPE), batas, máscaras y otros suministros cruciales para ayudar a las personas y a las comunidades a responder a la COVID-19.Reapertura de PennsylvaniaComo los nuevos recuentos de casos muestran que estos esfuerzos agresivos han aplanado la curva, el Gobernador y su administración comenzarán a planificar un proceso de reapertura que proteja a los residentes de Pennsylvania y ayude a estabilizar la economía. La administración trabajará con expertos en economía y salud pública para determinar las métricas utilizadas para una reapertura segura mediante un enfoque regional basado en el sector.En consulta con Team PA, el Departamento de Salud, el Departamento de Desarrollo Comunitario y Económico, el Departamento de Trabajo e Industria, la Agencia de Manejo de Emergencias de Pennsylvania y otros, la administración desarrollará una guía para empresas, gobiernos locales, trabajadores, clientes, y otros y guiará el proceso de reapertura segura.NormasNuestro enfoque se basará en datos y dependerá de criterios cuantificables para impulsar un enfoque regional dirigido, basado en evidencias para reabrir Pennsylvania.Presentaremos guías y recomendaciones para empleadores, personas y centros médicos para garantizar la rendición de cuentas a medida que reabramos.La reapertura exige que los equipos de protección personal adecuados y las pruebas de diagnóstico estén disponiblesLa reapertura exige un programa de monitoreo y vigilancia que permita al estado implementar medidas rápidas de contención o mitigación.Las protecciones para las poblaciones vulnerables deben permanecer firmes a través de todo el proceso de reapertura, como las limitaciones al número de visitantes de los centros de atención y las prisiones.Las limitaciones a las grandes reuniones no relacionadas con las ocupaciones deben permanecer vigentes durante el proceso de reapertura.Recuperación para los residentes de PennsylvaniaEs primordial desarrollar un marco de recuperación y programas que marquen la diferencia para el pueblo de Pennsylvania. Ese marco debe incluir, como mínimo:Salarios justos y que mantengan a la familia para todos los residentes de Pennsylvania.Expandir la protección de los trabajadores para los trabajadores que siguen las órdenes del Departamento de Salud o las guías de los proveedores de atención médica con respecto al aislamiento y la cuarentena.Ampliar las políticas de licencia por enfermedad, familia y médica remuneradas.Expandir el cuidado infantil seguro, económico y de alta calidad.Fortalecer los sistemas de seguro de desempleo y compensación de trabajadores.Financiación y flexibilidad para apoyar la continuidad de la educación y del aprendizaje a distancia activo (incluida la instrucción y el perfeccionamiento planificados) para todos los alumnos, que incluya un enfoque en la equidad y a los alumnos con necesidades especiales.Rendición de cuentas y transparencia respecto del gasto y la distribución de recursos federales, estatales y locales para abordar la pandemia de COVID-19.Ampliar los programas de condonación y reembolso de préstamos estudiantiles, con especial enfoque en el alivio de la deuda para las personas que están en la primera línea de respuesta al desastre de COVID-19.Expandir los programas rápidos de reingreso laboral para apoyar a los trabajadores despedidos y a las empresas afectadas por los cierres relacionados con la COVID-19.Rendición de cuentas y transparencia respecto del gasto y la distribución de recursos federales, estatales y locales para abordar la pandemia de COVID-19.Recuperación para empresasSi bien el plan para la recuperación a largo plazo todavía está por delante, ya aprendimos lecciones a causa de este desastre que nos permiten colocar marcadores para saber dónde debemos ir una vez que el desastre ceda. Todavía hay mucho que no sabemos, incluso cuándo podrán las empresas comenzar a reabrir de manera segura. Sin embargo, los delineamientos generales de una agenda política en el futuro deben incluir lo siguiente:Desarrollar una estrategia de innovación estatal basada en la evidencia que permita que Pennsylvania atraiga a las mejores y más brillantes personas y empresas.Apoyo financiero fuerte para las pequeñas empresas, tanto a corto plazo como para limitar el número de empresas que de otro modo tendrían que cerrar sus puertas para siempre mientras nos quedamos en casa, como a largo plazo a medida que las pequeñas empresas se reestructuran y se recuperan en una economía posterior a la COVID-19.Incentivos de desarrollo económico para atraer empresas dispuestas a crear y retener empleos bien remunerados.Inversiones en nuestra industria manufacturera que ha enfrentado al desafío de satisfacer algunas de nuestras necesidades más apremiantes e inmediatas, incluidos los créditos fiscales para los fabricantes que conviertan o modernicen sus instalaciones u operaciones para producir equipos de protección personal para ayudar a responder a la COVID-19.Inversión, actualización y extensión de la red de banda ancha de Pennsylvania con el fin de garantizar que todos los residentes de Pennsylvania tengan acceso a Internet. Esto incluye recursos para alumnos/familias/trabajadores y/o incentivar a las empresas a ampliar el acceso a la banda ancha para apoyar el aprendizaje remoto y las actividades de búsqueda de empleo.Inversiones en nuestra industria agrícola diversa, sector sólido de procesamiento de alimentos, mercados de agricultores y las muchas industrias que apoyan un suministro de alimentos seguros. Si bien esta industria es de soporte vital, ha sufrido una grave interrupción en la cadena de suministro, y la recuperación debe garantizar la certeza y el futuro de la industria agrícola de Pennsylvania para continuar produciendo un suministro de alimentos seguros.Apoyo a organizaciones sin fines de lucro.Recuperación de los sistemas y proveedores de atención médicaLa pandemia de COVID-19 ha echado luz sobre las fragmentaciones dentro de nuestros sistemas de salud. Pennsylvania tiene la determinación de apoyar y equipar a nuestros hospitales y profesionales médicos con las herramientas que necesitan para responder, pero nuestra recuperación depende del cambio de la política a largo plazo. Una agenda política para apoyar la salud y la recuperación de los residentes de Pennsylvania debe incluir:Cobertura médica para todos los residentes de Pennsylvania que sea asequible y transparente, y un sistema que permita elegir la cobertura.Asegurar que las protecciones de la Ley del Cuidado de Salud a Bajo Precio se pongan en marcha a nivel estatal para garantizar que las personas con afecciones preexistentes, incluidos los residentes de Pennsylvania recuperados de la COVID-19, puedan obtener una cobertura completa y no tener que preocuparse por los límites anuales o de por vida de la cobertura si necesitan más atención.Garantizar que los pacientes que buscan atención dentro de la red no se vean sorprendidos por las facturas de los tratamientos brindados por parte de proveedores fuera de la red en un centro que pertenece a la red.Exigir la transparencia en los productos de seguros a corto plazo de duración limitada y proteger a los consumidores que necesitan completar una interrupción inesperada en la cobertura.Continuar reduciendo la burocracia y hacer que todo resulte más fácil para los nuevos residentes de Pennsylvania, incluidos los cónyuges militares, con una licencia laboral fuera del estado para trabajar. Se necesita una mayor flexibilidad en los requisitos de licencia para un amplio conjunto de profesionales médicos fuera del estado interesados en brindar atención en Pennsylvania.Continuar la expansión de la telesalud y la adopción de la telesalud como un modo primario de prestación de atención médica para los servicios de la salud física y mental, así como para el tratamiento del trastorno por consumo de sustancias tóxicas. La nueva política de telesalud debe incluir modos de comunicación accesibles, como la atención telefónica, cuando otros medios no estén disponibles. Además, los servicios de telesalud deben reembolsarse con las mismas tarifas que si los servicios se prestasen en persona.Aumentos significativos en los servicios de vivienda y la inversión en el desarrollo de viviendas para personas de bajos ingresos para reducir la cantidad de residentes de Pennsylvania que no pueden ser dados de alta de manera segura debido a la falta de refugio y para promover la salud y el bienestar en entornos comunitarios.Continuar priorizando los servicios de atención domiciliaria y en la comunidad para reducir las colocaciones colectivas para niños, personas con discapacidades y personas de la tercera edad.Aumentar el papel que desempeñan las organizaciones basadas en la comunidad en las actividades de salud y bienestar y la prestación de la atención médica así como la mayor formalización. Esta pandemia ha dejado en claro que la salud no comienza ni termina en el consultorio médico, y mucho menos en un hospital. Las organizaciones comunitarias de Pennsylvania tienen un papel importante que desempeñar.Para más información sobre el plan del Gobernador para Pennsylvania, visite www.governor.pa.gov/plan-for-pennsylvania/.Ver esta página en inglés.center_img El Gobernador Wolf revela su plan para la recuperación de Pennsylvania de la COVID-19last_img read more

Cech named Man of the Match on ice hockey debut

first_imgPetr Cech was named Man of the Match in his first game since signing for ice hockey side Guildford Phoenix on Sunday.The former Arsenal and Chelsea goalkeeper, now 37, was the star man in Guildford’s win over Swindon Wildcats 2 in the NIHL 2, after a game tied 2-2 went to a penalty decider.Cech, who holds the record for the most Premier League clean sheets by any goalkeeper, caused a stir on social media when he announced the beginning of his professional ice hockey career.With Guildford having already played and won two games, Cech’s efforts in the penalty shoot-out helped his new side maintain their 100% record for the season. The 124-cap former Czech Republic international saved two penalties to secure the win.He wore a helmet featuring the badges of both Chelsea and Arsenal after spending 15 years plying his trade in London.When he announced his move, Cech noted that he had played ice hockey as a child before his football career kicked into gear. “I am delighted to have the opportunity to play with the Phoenix to get match experience,” he said in a club press release.”I hope I can help this young team to achieve their goals for the season and try to win as many games as possible when I have the chance to play.”After 20 years of professional football this is going to be a wonderful experience for me to play the game I loved to watch and play as a kid.”Despite reigniting his old ice hockey flame, Cech will continue in his backroom role at Chelsea, having returned to Stamford Bridge this summer following his retirement at Arsenal.“Some people seem to think I changed my job. No I didn’t,” Cech said on Twitter. “Luckily my job as the Technical and Performance adviser at Chelsea FC doesn’t stop me in my spare time from playing the game I loved as a kid and which I’ve been playing for years. “While being [a] professional footballer I couldn’t play the games for obvious reason[s] … now I can.”Cech will be hoping to feature again in Guildford’s next fixture, away from home at Bristol Pitbulls on October 19.last_img read more

ESPN suspends Stephen A. Smith for comments on abuse

first_imgStephen A. Smith (File Photo)NEW YORK (AP) — ESPN has suspended outspoken sportscaster Stephen A. Smith for a week because of his comments about domestic abuse suggesting women should make sure that they don’t do anything to provoke an attack.Smith’s commentary occurred during a discussion on ESPN2’s “First Take” last Friday about the NFL’s two-game suspension of Baltimore Ravens running back Ray Rice following charges he assaulted his now-wife. The remarks attracted widespread attention, including a stinging rebuke online from a fellow ESPN personality.Smith issued an on-air apology Monday, saying it was the most egregious mistake of his career.A day later, ESPN took action. The network’s chief executive, John Skipper, told ESPN’s staff in a memo it was done after a “thoughtful discussion” about appropriate actions with men and women in his company.“I believe his apology was sincere and that he and we have learned from what we’ve collectively experienced,” Skipper said.Smith will not appear on “First Take” or ESPN radio until Aug. 6, the network said.During the Rice discussion, Smith alluded to women in abuse cases when he said, “Let’s make sure we don’t do anything to provoke wrong action … we got to also make sure that you can do your part to do whatever you can do to make, to try to make sure it doesn’t happen again.”Shortly after Smith’s remarks, colleague Michelle Beadle responded on Twitter that “I was just forced to watch this morning’s First Take. A) I’ll never feel clean again B) I’m not aware that I can provoke my own beating.”Beadle, host of ESPN2’s “SportsNation,” continued with a series of tweets. She said that “Violence isn’t the victim’s issue. It’s the abuser’s. To insinuate otherwise is irresponsible and disgusting.”Smith, during his apology, said it wasn’t his intention to say that women could be responsible for their own abuse. “It was not what I was trying to say,” he said. “Yet the failure to clearly articulate something different lies squarely on my shoulder.”Smith didn’t explain the point that he was trying to make.ESPN frowns upon its personalities attacking each other on social media or other forums. But in this case, the network said it has decided not to discipline Beadle.THIS IS A BREAKING NEWS UPDATE. Check back soon for further information. AP’s earlier story is below.ESPN says it has suspended sportscaster Stephen A. Smith for a week because of comments about domestic abuse suggesting women should make sure they don’t provoke attacks.Smith has apologized for the comments, made last Friday during an on-air discussion about NFL running back Ray Rice’s suspension for assaulting his fiancee. But ESPN said Tuesday that Smith would not appear on the ESPN2 show, “First Take,” or on ESPN radio, until next Wednesday.ESPN chief executive John Skipper said in a memo to the sports network’s staff members that the Smith’s comments don’t reflect the company’s viewpoint or values.ESPN said it was not disciplining another network host, Michelle Beadle, who pointedly criticized Smith on Twitter.last_img read more

The latest sporting sensation to hit India on October 2nd: Plogging!

first_imgImage Courtesy: zeenews/plog.runAdvertisement bn64jNBA Finals | Brooklyn Vs4i30Wingsuit rodeo📽Sindre E77qz7( IG: @_aubreyfisher @imraino ) 6wpoWould you ever consider trying this?😱7ildCan your students do this? 🌚15iuewRoller skating! Powered by Firework Plogging: the idea of Jogging and picking up litter on the way, is the newest fitness craze around the globe, and India has caught up on the fever as well. The government has announced to organise a plogging run in an attempt to make the streets cleaner, and what day could be better than 2nd October?Advertisement Image Courtesy: zeenews/plog.runPlogging was first organised in Sweden in 2016, and slowly made its way into other countries. Plog runs were already organised by individual communities in several Indian cities, and now the government has decided to conduct an official ‘Fit India Plog Run’ moment, to be organised a part of the Fit India movement, recently launched by PM Narendra Modi on 29th August.Back in 2014, the ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ was launched on the same day, to see a cleaner nation along the length and breadth of the country. And as presently, the young generation are catching up to the Plog run movement, so it is a brilliant concept to bring the two seperate movements together.Advertisement #PloggingRun has been going viral on social media, as Union minister Kiren Rijiju is urging more and more people to become a part of the cause. Bhaichung Bhutia, Bajrang Punia and Shilpa Shetty are also coming forward in support of the movement.Social media platform TikTok has also urged its users to be a part of the movement with the #IAMLessPlastic campaign.Advertisement Advertisementlast_img read more

NCS Playoffs: Arcata’s season ends abruptly with opening-round loss to Piedmont

first_imgArcata >> During the latter stages of their 14-game winning streak, the Tigers’ start to the games truly paved the way for was in store the rest of the way.That strong start never arrived Wednesday night.And because of it, the Tigers’ lengthy win streak and season both came to an end in one fell swoop.The No. 10-seeded Piedmont boys basketball team handed Arcata its first loss of the 2017 calendar year, as the Highlanders led from nearly start to finish in a 61-51 win over the seventh-seeded …last_img read more

Derek Holland on free agency: ‘Scared money don’t make money’

first_imgCLICK HERE if you are having a problem viewing the photos on a mobile deviceSCOTTSDALE, Ariz.–Derek Holland couldn’t wait to arrive in Scottsdale this spring.He just had to wait for the Giants to sign him.The left-hander resurrected his career in San Francisco last year and didn’t mince his words late last season when asked if he wanted to return in 2019. Despite the club’s 73-89 record, Holland said he hoped to extend his run with the team for at least one more year. “My goal was …last_img read more

Mandela: childhood heroes and lessons

first_imgThe stone down which Mandela used to slide as a child. (Image: Musa Mkalipi) The ruins of the African Native Mission Church that Mandela was baptised in. (Image: Musa Mkalipi) Despite the hardships, Nelson Mandela’s childhood was one of innocence and wonder. (Image: Nelson Mandela Museum) MEDIA CONTACT • Nokuzola Tetani Nelson Mandela Museum marketing manager +27 47 532 5110 RELATED ARTICLES • The simple palate of Nelson Mandela • Graça Machel – freedom fighter for life • Mandela archive goes live • Infographic: Mandela’s family tree • Madiba’s legacy is forever Nelson Mandela called Qunu in the Eastern Cape home, and it is where is to be buried on 15 December 2013. In his autobiography Long Walk to Freedom , the struggle veteran described leaving the village as a nine-year-old, to travel with his mother to an unknown destination. “I could see the simple huts and the people going about their chores; the stream where I had splashed and played with the other boys … My eyes rested on the three simple huts where I had enjoyed my mother’s love and protection … I rued the fact that I had not kissed each of them before I left.”Qunu may have been Mandela’s spiritual home but he was born at Mvezo, close to Mthatha, the capital of the former Transkei, on 18 July 1918. When his father, Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa, the chief of Mvezo, was deposed by a vindictive magistrate, the young Nelson went with his mother to live in Qunu. There Nosekeni Fanny, Gadla’s third wife, had friends and family on whom they could rely.In his book, Mandela told how he did not get to spend much time with his father as Gadla died when he was just nine. While still alive, the chief spent about one week a month with each of his four wives and their 13 children – the youngest son being Rolihlahla, later to be named Nelson.“Apart from life, a strong constitution and an abiding connection to the Thembu royal house, the only thing my father bestowed upon me at birth was a name, Rolihlahla,” is the poignant first sentence of Mandela’s autobiography. The name literally means “pulling the branch of a tree” but the anecdotal meaning of Rolihlahla, he explained, is “troublemaker”. Then he added, with characteristic dry wit and understatement: “I do not believe that names are destiny or that my father somehow divined my future, but in later years, friends and relatives would ascribe to my birth name the many storms I have both caused and weathered.”Gadla was a counsellor to the Thembu royal house and an acknowledged custodian of Xhosa history. It was from him, said Mandela, that he developed a fascination with the great Xhosa warriors who resisted domination by white settlers. He defined himself by his father, he wrote, and when he died, rather than experiencing great grief he felt “cut adrift”.At his mother’s fireside he heard different stories – the Xhosa legends and fables, which, he writes, “stimulated my childish imagination, and usually contained some moral lesson”.Life in Qunu In Qunu he led a simple life. The villagers grew all their own food and the young boys, clad in blankets, became herders as soon they were old enough – in Nelson’s case, this was at the age of five. He described a rough and carefree childhood, spending most of his days “playing and fighting” in the veld with the other village boys – “A boy who remained at home tied to his mother’s apron strings was regarded as a sissy.” With his friends he made clay animals and became a skilled stickfighter, and said those days created “my love of the veld, of open spaces, the simple beauties of nature, the clean line of the horizon”.He came across few white people in Qunu and when he did chance to see a white policeman, magistrate or traveller, “these whites appeared as grand as gods to me, and I was aware that they were to be treated with a mixture of fear and respect”.The Christian faith, however, had a strong influence as his mother had converted – Fanny is her English name – and had her young son baptised into the Methodist church. None of Gadla’s children attended school but after a friend pointed out to Fanny that her youngest son was “a clever young fellow” she relayed the message to her husband and he agreed that Nelson should be educated.His description in the book of the cut-off trousers his father secured around his waist with a piece of string – his first school “uniform” – makes for amusing reading. On his first day of school he received, like all black African school pupils at the time, an English name. He wrote: “That day, Miss Mdingane told me that my new name was Nelson. Why she bestowed this particular name on me I have no idea.” Perhaps, he added, it had something to do with the English sea captain, Horatio Nelson. One wonders what Miss Mdingane thought about her choice of name – and her former pupil – in later years.Children did not question adults – they learned by observation and emulation, he wrote. So when his mother told him he was moving again he did not ask why or where – he packed his few belongings and said a tearful farewell to Qunu, firmly believing there could be no better place on Earth. It was a tiring journey on foot – only made bearable because his mother was by his side – to his new home, Mgekhezweni, the “Great Place”, the capital of Thembuland and the seat of Chief Jongintaba Dalindyebo, the acting regent of the Thembu people.A turning point Mgekhezweni was a different world. Whereas Qunu was a village of about 100 huts, with a shop and two small schools, the Great Place had at its centre Jongintaba’s large and gracious home, as well as seven stately rondavels and other buildings. There were fruit trees, flower gardens, vegetable patches and maize fields, and when the regent came driving up in an enormous car, the boy felt “a sense of awe mixed with bewilderment”. Jongintaba was to be his guardian and, “suddenly a new world opened up before me”.The adult Mandela realised this was a turning point in his life – the move that enabled him to begin building the foundation he needed to become the lawyer Mandela, the activist and struggle icon known affectionately and with reverence across the world as Madiba.Nelson’s mother – who would not have been expected to reject the offer for her son to be raised in the regent’s home – said a quiet goodbye and returned to Qunu. Her only words to him were: “Brace yourself, my boy!” Like any youngster dazzled by a new toy, he felt prepared for anything, as “I was wearing the handsome new outfit purchased for me by my guardian”. Fanny understood, he added, that he was to be groomed for a larger world and in the same spirit, did not protest when the regent later discouraged Nelson from visiting Qunu lest he “regress”.The young boy’s fortunes had changed markedly and he was enjoying everything – from the horse-riding to the chores – that Mgekhezweni, a Methodist mission station, had to offer. He instantly acquired a new “brother” and “sister” – Justice and Nomafa, the regent’s children. Justice, four years older, handsome and a fine sportsman, became the young Nelson’s hero.As at any mission station, religion was a big part of life and he attended church regularly to hear fire-and-brimstone sermons by Reverend Matyolo. And whereas Nelson admired the influence the reverend had over the people, he was more impressed by the unlimited power wielded by the regent, and the unwavering respect he received.“I saw chieftaincy as being the very centre around which life revolved,” he wrote. “My later notions of leadership were profoundly influenced by observing the regent and his court.” Tribal meetings – presided over by Jongintaba and his councillors and attended by any man who wanted to raise an issue or simply participate – were “democracy in its purest form”. Women did not attend, however: “I am afraid [women] were deemed second-class citizens.”A leader is like a shepherd Jongintaba’s habit of listening to all voices and allowing his subjects to offer criticism formed the basis of the leadership principles Mandela later adopted. “I always remember the regent’s axiom: a leader, he said, is like a shepherd.” Jongintaba took the same approach with his children and he and his wife, No-England, became like parents to Nelson. But perhaps the new addition to the family was a little less spontaneous than the other children because he earned the nickname Tatomkulu – “Grandpa”.At this stage, he said, he dreamed of training as an interpreter or a policeman – jobs traditionally done by African men – though he had been singled out to be groomed to become the counsellor to the future Thembu king, Sabata. But perhaps it was hearing from the chiefs and headmen who came to the Great Place about other great African leaders – such as Sekhukune, Moeshoeshoe and Dingane, who built strong nations – that inspired him to reach for a higher goal.One such chief, Joyi, railed against the whites for dividing the Xhosa tribe and the young Nelson began to weigh up what he said against what was printed in his British textbooks at school. Another chief, Meligqili, gave a doom-laden speech after Nelson had joined several other youths for the customary initiation ritual, saying that though they were now officially men, they had “no control over their destiny”. His words “had sown a seed” in his mind, Mandela wrote.The problem with girls Girls were a bit of a problem, and early encounters stung. Reverend Matjolo’s daughter Winnie – not the Winnie who later would become his wife – invited Nelson around for a meal on the instigation of her scheming older sister, to see how the country lad fared with a knife and fork. He could not pin down the skinny chicken wing he had been given, though he tried and tried and became “wet with perspiration”. Afterwards, he wrote, the older sister warned Winnie off “such a backward boy”. She had more mettle, however and: “I am happy to say the young lady did not listen – she loved me, backward as I was.”Winnie subsequently went to a different school and they lost touch. But the first female he related to as an equal and a close friend was Mathona, though again it was not a good start. Wearing new boots on his first day at the Clarkebury Institute, where he would complete his high school education, he said he felt “like a newly shod horse… As I clomped into the classroom, my boots crashing on that shiny wood floor, I noticed two female students in the first row.” One of the girls said to her friend: “The country boy is not used to wearing shoes,” at which, he said, “I was blind with fury and embarrassment,” and vowed never to speak to her. But they became the best of friends and he found the clever and mischievous Mathona was someone with whom he could “share secrets”. She was a lucky find because he wrote that she became a role model for his future relationships with women, “for with women I found I could let my hair down and confess to weaknesses and fears I would never reveal to another man”.And indeed, Mandela’s marriage partners have been strong, supportive women – African National Congress activists Evelyn Mase and Nomzamo Winifred Madikizela, and former Frelimo activist and human rights campaigner Graça Machel.The teachers were of a good calibre at Clarkebury, and Nelson participated enthusiastically in sport, if not shining at it. It was only later, at Healdtown , the Wesleyan College in Fort Beaufort, that he found his talent for boxing. Mathona was a good study mate and adviser and the Reverend Harris, the school governor, a man worthy of respect. He was serious, however, and “ran Clarkebury with an iron hand”. But again, just as it appeared Nelson would be in for trouble, fate stepped in: he was tasked with working in the reverend’s garden, where he met a gentler man, who was broadminded and unselfishly devoted to educating his African charges. He was able to get to know the school governor better and hone his skills in growing vegetables.Beyond Thembuland The young man was developing his talents and acquiring the skills that would later equip him to lead. But, he conceded that though being at Clarkebury broadened his horizons, he still had a parochial outlook: “I would not say that I was entirely an open-minded, unprejudiced young man when I left … My horizons did not extend beyond Thembuland and I believed being a Thembu was the most enviable thing in the world.”Much more water would flow under the bridge before the activist Nelson Mandela would emerge to fight for a non-racist, non-sexist South Africa.last_img read more

Tressel meets with Buckeyes before Michigan game

ANN ARBOR, Mich. — When the bus departed the Woody Hayes Athletic Center Friday afternoon, some players were in tears. Not because of a loss and not because of their season, but because of a moving and emotional speech from one man. Former Ohio State football coach Jim Tressel spoke to the team before the Buckeyes departed for the 108th meeting between the OSU Buckeyes and the Michigan Wolverines. “It was like he didn’t skip a beat,” said senior center Michael Brewster. “It was like you blinked and your like, ‘man was everything just a nightmare?’” Brewster said the visit from Tressel was brief, and a surprise to the whole team. “To be able to see him again and hear a few words from him, it definitely got us pumped up. It was an honor,” Brewster said. Tressel gained a reputation at OSU as the Michigan killer. With a record of 8-1 against the Wolverines, Tressel looked to bring a little of that magic to the Buckeyes on Saturday. In the end, OSU fell to Michigan for the first time since Nov. 22, 2003, with a 40-34 victory on Saturday in Ann Arbor, Mich. “He came in and spoke to us and did a great job and got us fired up,” said junior linebacker John Simon. “Unfortunately we couldn’t come up with a win.” When Tressel was introduced as head coach of OSU on Jan. 18, 2001, Tressel’s disdain for Michigan became almost immediately apparent. During halftime of a basketball game between OSU and Michigan, Tressel had a brief message for Buckeye Nation. “Be proud of our young people in the class room, in the community and most especially in 310 days in Ann Arbor, Mich., on the football field,” Tressel said. Sure enough, 310 days later Tressel and his unranked-Buckeye squad travelled to Ann Arbor and defeated the No. 11-ranked Michigan Wolverines, 26-20. Tressel’s respect for the rivalry and the dedication to it was heart-felt and genuine, not only from the day he was introduced as head coach, but up through his dismissal from the university. Less than a week after his forced resignation for his involvement with “Tattoo-gate,” a group of students walked to his house in Upper Arlington, Ohio, to show their support to the former head coach. After meeting with several students and speaking to the crowd, Tressel had one parting message to students. “Don’t forget: Nov. 26, we’re going to kick their ass,” Tressel said. The game did not go as Tressel had promised. OSU’s attempt to comeback from a late-fourth quarter deficit was stopped by an overthrown pass to senior wide receiver DeVier Posey and was ultimately thwarted by a fourth-down interception thrown by freshman quarterback Braxton Miller. The Buckeyes didn’t win the game like they had wanted, but Simon said one of Tressel’s message was clear. “(Tressel) said you have to live in the moment, play the game in the moment,” Simon said. “And I think we did that today, you know, taking every play one play at a time.” Brewster said he was one of the guys that found himself in tears after Tressel spoke. “It was emotional for some guys, myself included, it stinks when you feel like you get robbed a year out of your life with him,” Brewster said. “I’m still keeping my fingers crossed that I get to meet back up with him next year, somehow, some way.” Tressel’s message was simple, Brewster said. Tressel told the team that the key was to be relentless on defense, to play opportunistic and mistake-free offense, and to have superior special units. “(Tressel said) the same thing he says all the time, that we used to be bored about,” Brewster said. “But now we can’t wait to hear it again.” read more