The widespread adoption of PDF workflows is a step in the right direction, bringing standardization to what used to be a much more complicated process of file integration. “The overwhelming migration to PDF allows technology providers to focus on technology around that format, and knowledge of that baseline allows publishers and printers to invest in those technologies that support improved standards of PDF,” says Guy Gleysteen, senior vice president of production at Time Inc. Right now, the latest “flavor” of PDF is PDF X-1a, specifically designed for the blind exchange of print-ready files that eliminates errors like fonts not embedded, wrong color space, missing images, and overprint/trap issues. Also, PDF users who want to automate the workflow can implement Adobe’s Extensible Metadata Platform (XMP), a technology that embeds data about a file (metadata) into the file itself.Job Definition Format (JDF) is another proposed standard for automation, but it’s been slow to catch on. Accordingto FOLIO:’s Digital Publishing Survey, published in September 2007, only 5 percent of respondents were using JDF files last year. While 18 percent say they’ll start using them in one or two years and 19 percent say they’ll use them in more than three years, 23 percent say they’ll never use JDF. Part of the reason is that JDF, as a format, requires investment and development to implement. “It is a baseline architecture to build a system around, not something you can buy,” says Gleysteen. JDF may be too much of a departure for some observers. “I think it’s because it introduces a change to the way publishers are used to doing things,” says Andrew Moore, product manager at printer United Litho. “It also requires buy-in and support from most equipment and software manufacturers. Until then, we enjoy human communication and collaboration of each other’s job specifi cations. That’s not such a bad thing.”Others, like Peter Tomski, senior director of premedia and manufacturing at b-to-b publisher CMP, see potential in JDF. CMP will be exploring the possibility with its partners in 2008, he says. Paula Gordon, director of manufacturing at Reed Business Information, says RBI started using JDF about three months ago and will continue on that path in 2008. JDF will automate every step in their workflow, from creation of ads and editorial to layout, production and delivery, and it will integrate that process with the business end through JDF-compliant software called JournalProducer, which manages deadline, circulation, budgeting and onhand versus needed materials information. All of this information can be downloaded to JDF-compliant printing equipment.”If more printers start to incentivize publishers to go towards JDF, then the number using it would grow. As publishers start to see real time and cost savings, more printers and publishers will adopt some form of the process, just as they did from film to CTP to PDF,” says Gordon. Apparently, potential cost savings are reason enough to consider it: According to FOLIO:’s survey results, 20 percent of those who use JDF estimate annual savings of $200,000 or more.The Promise of Virtual ProofingVirtual proofing-used by 52 percent of respondents in FOLIO:’s survey-shifted to a new level of utility in 2007 for many of its users. Also known as soft proofing, the technology is based on the use of calibrated color-accurate monitors and eliminates the need to send hard proofs back and forth, thereby reducing time and cost and allowing for last minute addition of content and a longer ad-selling period.Hachette Filipacchi started using virtual proofing with seven of its titles last year and will transition the rest this year, says Stephen Romeo, director of strategic sourcing at HFM U.S.Transcontinental Printing introduced virtual proofing to their customers in 2006, mostly for select images and occasionally a page for color. In 2007, they transitioned virtual proofing into a process, says Nicky Milner, the printer’s vice president of premedia, not only for proofi ng pages but also as a press-side platform for flats. In 2008, she says the next step is to create a book mockup-complete with folded pages-in virtual form. “This brings us back to all the capabilities of a paper format,” Milner says. Gleysteen says he’s still trying to understand publishers’ hesitation when Time Inc., the largest magazine publisher in the U.S. with publications ranging from Fortune to People, Sports Illustrated to InStyle, has been using virtual proofing successfully for years.But Tomski at CMP is considering a skip right over virtual proofs, from hard to none. “Ad portals almost freeze out the need for hard proofs. I don’t know the last time I had a color complaint. The key would be to tag this, mark concerns over a six-month period and let that metric drive us into eliminating proofs or looking into virtual,” he says.Completing the TriangleAd portals, which allow ads to be submitted, preflighted and trafficked via a Web browser, complement virtual proofing but their adoption doesn’t appear to be as widespread-21 percent of respondents to FOLIO:’s survey used ad portals in 2007 versus the 52 percent who used virtual proofing. Still, many production specialists see ad portals as the way of the future.”A point will come where advertisers won’t be able to not submit to a portal,” says Scott Pellicone, vice president of business development and electronic publishing for the magazine division at Quebecor World. Romeo says the continued development of a customized ad portal is one of HFM U.S.’s main production priorities of 2008.Also appearing to gain ground are online insertion orders, which CMP’s Tomski describes as a “schema to automate everything from order entry to electronic tear sheet.” Eighteen percent of FOLIO: survey respondents say they used insertion orders in 2007, four percent more than the year before. However, while Tomski sees promise in the technology and plans to explore the possibilities in 2008, he says, “it’s probably a few years out from realization, at least for our needs.” Magazine production has changed dramatically in the last few years. Tools and standards that came to the forefront in 2007-ad portals, virtual proofing, online insertion orders, PDFs-were not exactly new but gained significant ground with publishers and printers. Publishers today are grappling with digital asset management and metadata, as well as putting ink on paper. So far, 2008 is looking like a progression of the curve, as publishers seek cost-saving solutions to streamline the production process and prepare for a budget crunch in the face of an economic downturn and rising costs.Where Production is HeadingWith the publishing world moving faster and in more directions than ever, publishers, advertisers and printers are even more dependent on one another. Meanwhile, jobs and services continue to be outsourced, including through overseas vendors, which makes speed and file compatibility all the more important.
Likewise, only 48 percent of attendees at exhibitions smaller than 223,000 square feet found collecting paper literature on exhibitor products/services important, which is more in line with organizers’ sentiments (33 percent). Conversely, attendees in general found this feature much more important, at 61 percent. As such, it seems that organizers are more in line with smaller-sized exhibition attendees’ sentiments. This is one of the main areas in which exhibit organizers could improve, either by adding new product showcases or by enhancing current ones. Once again, digital is a potential mechanism through which organizers or exhibitors can improve. By incorporating digital interactivity, not only are showcases improved, but access to product information is also made easier. Nine out of ten repeat exhibition attendees say face-to-face interaction with vendors and the ability to ask questions on the spot is important to them. In fact, it is the most important exhibition floor offering for attendees. A new study from the Center for Exhibition Industry Research (CEIR) finds that, for the most part, organizers understand that face-to-face interaction is the most important element of attendee retention. However, the survey reveals some shocking disparities when it comes to product interaction and information gathering. In light of the importance of such interactions, the study recommends offering exhibitor training. Considering that the industry is seeing changes in media consumption due to the mobile revolution, CEIR further recommends exhibitors integrate digital appropriately into their booths. Moreover, when it comes to the importance of product demonstrations in booths and an exhibition product demonstration area, the study found organizers’ beliefs largely correlated with those of attendees. Seventy-eight percent of attendees find the former important and 72 percent of organizers shared that sentiment. Meanwhile, 69 percent of attendees value the latter, compared to 60 percent of organizers. CEIR surveyed a total of 6,584 repeat attendees to gain insight into what factors drive attendees to become loyal exhibition alumni. Seventy-five exhibition organizers completed an online survey and eleven in-depth phone interviews in which they shared their organization’s approach to maximizing attendee retention. Attendees ranked the importance of sixteen exhibition features, and the survey compared attendees’ importance rankings of each feature to what exhibition organizers think is important to their alumni. CEIR’s research suggests that organizers aren’t using repeat attendee’s desire for new product showcase areas to their advantage. Three out of four attendees value a new product showcase area, but less than half (48 percent to be exact) of organizers think attendees feel that way. But in regards to product interaction, the gap narrowed in many instances. Sixty-two percent of attendees at events smaller than 223,000 NSF find an exhibition product demonstration area important, as opposed to 69 percent of all attendees. Meanwhile, 60 percent of organizers think attendees value this feature. Organizers also seem to have a good understanding of the importance of education offerings on the show floor and digital, interactive features in exhibit booths and exhibition organizer areas. Fifty-one percent of attendees found education offerings important, while 57 percent of organizers predicted this would be significant. Such discrepancies also manifest in terms of smaller show size: 32 percent of attendees find this important, in comparison to 20 percent of organizers. In contrast, organizers over-emphasize the importance of a larger show size, at 91 percent, while only 74 percent of attendees find it important. Organizers were largely in line with attendees’ beliefs regarding the importance of interaction with exhibitors, as mentioned above. Eighty-seven percent of attendees believe interacting with product experts or designers in booths is important, and 91 percent of organizers think attendees feel that way. Likewise, 75 percent of attendees believe interaction with product users in booths or common areas is important, and 84 percent of organizers predicted this. Likewise, 89 percent of exhibition organizers believe the participation of specific exhibitors is very significant to attendees, but this sentiment is only shared by 73 percent of attendees. Interestingly, these disparities change quite a bit when it comes to unique groups of attendees. When it comes to interacting with exhibitors, the gap between organizers’ sentiments and those of attendees widens. For example, only 67 percent of attendees at events less than 223,000 net square feet (NSF) placed importance on face-to-face interactions with product users in booths or common areas, in comparison to 75 percent of total attendees. In contrast, 84 percent of organizers believe this is valuable. In contrast, the gap between organizers’ beliefs and those of attendees widens with regards to attendees from mid-sized to larger organizations. Despite organizers’ belief that 41 percent of attendees find digital interactivity in exhibitor booths important, more than 50 percent of attendees with 500+ employees found this important. Forty-four percent of all attendees found this feature important. The study found similar discrepancies with digital interactivity in exhibition organizer areas, as 47 percent of attendees with 500+ employees found it significant, as opposed to 42 percent of all attendees and 36 percent of organizers.
The latest obstacle in negotiations over the transfer of the former Umatilla Chemical Depot in northern Oregon is the question of how much of the site’s water rights will be handed over to the Columbia Development Authority.The LRA had hoped to receive about 50 percent of the site’s water capacity, but the Army has proposed allowing it to use only two wells, totaling about 25 percent of the site’s water capacity, reported the East Oregonian.“That is not going to get us where we want to be,” Greg Smith, the LRA’s executive director, said at meeting of the authority’s board. Smith recounted that he told the Army the offer of two wells would not be sufficient to justify accepting the site.The Army wants to retain some water rights for the 7,500-acre portion of the 20,000-acre facility slated to be turned over to the Oregon National Guard. Much of the remaining land will be designated a wildlife preserve, with only a small part dedicated to industrial and agricultural use.Smith also asked the board to consider applying to the state to designate as an enterprise zone portions of the site zoned for industrial use. Alternatively, an enterprise zone could be formed from existing ones in Umatilla County, Morrow County and the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation.Port of Morrow director Gary Neal favored gaining an enterprise zone designation since other locations in the state most likely would offer similar tax breaks. “I think if you’re not going to have one, you’re not going to be in the game,” he said.The meeting also marked a shift of the administrative functions of the LRA falling under the Port of Morrow to Umatilla County. The change was made in recognition that 80 percent of economic development on the depot land is expected to take place in Umatilla, according to the story. Dan Cohen AUTHOR
A man ties a balloon to the horns of a bull statue at the entrance of the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) while celebrating the Sensex index rising to over 30,000, in Mumbai, India April 26, 2017.Reuters fileRising geopolitical tensions, Union Cabinet reshuffle, weak macroeconomics data are going to move the equity market in the coming week.Although the domestic equity market absorbed socks form heavy downpour in Mumbai, Infosys saga.Between August 24 and September 1, the Sensex gained 0.9 per cent while the broader Nifty added 1.19 percent. On Friday the benchmark Index, BSE Sensex surged 162 points to settle the session at 31,892 while the Nifty 50 closed at 9,974.US-North Korea TensionNorth Korea on Sunday claimed that it successfully tested a hydrogen bomb which can be loaded into a new intercontinental ballistic missile, reported The Guardian.Quoting South Korean authorities, the British Newspaper reported that the test was about 11 times stronger than North Korea’s test in January last year and up to six times stronger than its test last September.US national security adviser HR McMaster spoke with his counterpart, Chung Eui-yong in Seoul, for 20 minutes in an emergency phone call, following the news of the test, the daily reported.In response to its latest missile launch on 29 August, US President Donald Trump said that all options were on the table to deal with North Korea. The Indian market suffered as tension between two nations escalated recently. Early in August, the Nifty 50 index tanked nearly 4 percent or around 400 points to 9,737 in 7 trading sessions. IBTimes VideoRelated VideosMore videos Play VideoPauseMute0:01/0:54Loaded: 0%0:01Progress: 0%Stream TypeLIVE-0:53?Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedSubtitlessubtitles settings, opens subtitles settings dialogsubtitles off, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window. COPY LINKAD Loading … Close President Trump says all options are on the table in response to North Korea missile launch Cabinet ReshuffleIn the Cabinet rejig on Sunday morning, nine ministers have been inducted into Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Council of Ministers, along with four Minister of States getting promoted to Cabinet rank.Piyush Goyal, Nirmala Sitharaman, Dharmendra Pradhan and Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi have been elevated to the Cabinet. Sitharaman, who was previouly the minister of state for Commerce and Industry, is the new Defence Minster and Piyush Goyal the Railways minister. Goyal retains the Coal portfolio.The government described the motto of the Cabinet reshuffle as Power of 4Ps: Passion + Proficiency + Political Acumen – for Progress, reported the Economic Times.Recently, the peformance of Modi government performance had come under criticism from various quarters. A series of rail derailments, Gorakhpur hospital tragedy, Baba Ram Rahim conviction and the riots following it and the failure of demonetisation, provided fodder for critics.The political developments in the country and the cabinet reshuffle is likely to have an impact on capital market.#CabinetReshuffle: Here are the newly inducted Ministers who took oath just now, as Ministers of State pic.twitter.com/5IHqIweqhL— PIB India (@PIB_India) September 3, 2017MacroeconomicsEarlier on Wednesday, RBI in its annual report revealed that 98.96 percent — or Rs 15.28 lakh crore out of the Rs 15.44 lakh crore — of the invalid currency notes had come back into the banking system by the end of June 2017.The Modi government’s game changing economic policy, demonetisation squeezed the economy slowed down the GDP growth from 7% in October-December quarter to 6.1% in January-March and 5.7% in April-June.The data released on Thursday last week, Central Statistical Organisation showed that India’s “real” or inflation-adjusted GDP grew was at its slowest pace in 13 quarters and is still a long way off from returning to an 8 percent growth path, last seen in 2015-16.The GDP data revealed that India is grew just 5.7 percent in the April-June quarter of fiscal 2018, amid slowdown in the manufacturing sector, which expanded at 1.2 percent from a year earlier compared with a 10.7 percent growth last year.
X Listen Nearly 80 percent of all plastics ever made have ended up in landfills or the natural environment, like our oceans. That’s according to a recent study from the peer-reviewed journal Science Advances. The study says only nine percent of the plastics ever made have been recycled.To address the problem, researchers are working to create new plastics that biodegrade easier once they end up in the environment or that can be recycled easier. One of those researchers is Dr. Megan Robertson. She’s an associate professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at the University of Houston.Robertson says researchers want to create new materials that can have a so-called green birth, green life, and green death. By green birth, Robertson says scientists want to create new polymers that come from more environmentally friendly sources, such as plants. Most plastics today are created from petroleum.Michael HagertyDr. Megan Robertson researches potential new plastics at the University of Houston.By green life, she says researchers want to create new materials that last longer and work better – all while having a less negative impact on the environment while in use.And, by green death, she says researchers like herself want to create materials that will have less damaging effects once their life is over.Robertson says her research has developed some new materials that will break down under the right chemical process. That means a new chemical recycling process could be used on them. She’s also worked on some materials that can be reshaped under the right heat and therefore repurposed.She talks with Houston Matters producer Michael Hagerty about her work and the quest to reinvent the way plastics are born, live, and die. To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code: 00:00 /07:41 Pexels Share